Your course, department, school, or institute may prescribe specific conventions, and their recommendations supersede these instructions. Environmental protection in Swedish forestry: The ultimate student teaching guide. If the idea or information that you wish to cite has been told to you personally, perhaps in a discussion with a lecturer or a tutor, it is normal to reference the point as shown in the example below.
If no author is identified If a source does not include an author's name, substitute for the author's name the title or an abbreviated title in the text or parenthetical citation.
Journal, [online] Volume Issuepages.
Night against procrastination [Photography]. Getting to know J. If you need clarification, University of Bedfordshire has additional information. If you need clarification, Birmingham City University has additional information. The structure for archival materials includes: The Archaeology of Europe, Lecture 1.
The International Encyclopedia of Animals, 3rd ed. Series title, Year published. Establishing Correlation Between Genetics and Nonresponse. This gives the reader the opportunity to find the particular place in the text where the point referred to is made.
If you need clarification, Anglia Ruskin University has additional information. Name of web site or owner of web site. For books that have been read or downloaded from a library website or bookshop you should add the information that it is an e-book at the end of the reference.
Harvard Reference List Citations for Dissertations A dissertation is a lengthy paper or project, generally created as a requirement to obtain a doctoral degree. If you need clarification, The University of Leeds has additional information.
Unlike research articles, review articles are good places to get a basic idea about a topic. For four or more authors, list all of the authors in the reference list; in the text, list only the first author, followed by et al. (“and others”): (Barnes et al. ) Chapter or other part of a book.
Give the author or editor with last name first, followed by a period. Potter, Harry. (or) Potter, Harry, ed. If there are two authors, give both. multiple citations are sorted into the order in which they appear in the references section or also compressing multiple numeric citations where possible longnamesfirst the first citation of any reference will use the starred variant (full author list), subsequent citations will use the abbreviated et al.
style. Note that in the last two references above, it is the book title and the journal name that are italicised, not the title of the paper or article. The name highlighted should always be the name under which the work will have been filed on the library shelves or referenced in any indexing system.
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Turabian Footnote/Endnote Style. Table of Contents: Books E-books Journal Articles (Print) Books with Two or More Authors or Editors. First footnote: 1 Russell Keat and John Urry, For references with more than three authors, cite the first named author followed by "et al." Cite all the authors .How to write a book reference with two authors